Black Mountain College 1934-1935 catalogue
Courtesy of the Theodore Dreier Sr. Document Collection, Asheville Art Museum
Black Mountain College 1934-1935 catalogue of classes, faculty, staff, and students. Letterpress on offwhite matte paper, Black print of seal wraps to back cover, heavier stock for cover. Image is of a white circular logo on a black background. Text wraps around circle which reads "BLACK MOUNTAIN COLLEGE BLACK MOUNTAIN N.C."
Black Mountain College
Black Mountain, North Carolina
FALL SEMESTER begins September 5
FALL SEMESTER begins December 21
Winter Vacation begins December 21
Winter Vacation ends January 27
SPRING SEMESTER begins January 27
Spring Vacation begins March 28
Spring Vacation ends April 6
SPRING SEMESTER ends June 6
Mrs. H. Edward Dreier Brooklyn, N.Y.
Col. Arthur S. Dwight Great Neck, L.I., N.Y.
Mr. J. Malcolm Forbes Milton, Mass.
Miss Sarah Goodwin Concord, Mass.
Mr. T.W. Surette Concord, Mass.
Mr. Edward Yeomans Westport Point, Mass.
BOARD OF FELLOWS
Nathaniel Stowers French
Frederick Raymond Georgia
Joseph Walford Martin
John Andrew Rice
John Andrew Rice
Frederick Raymond Georgia
Nathaniel Stowers French
George Rodgers Barber
Norman Betts Weston
Josef Albers (Formerly of the Bauhaus.)
Professor of Art
Anni Albers (Formerly of the Bauhaus.)
Instructor in Weaving
Helen Elizabeth Boyden, A.B.
Instructor in Economics
Theodore Dreier, A.B., S.B. in E.E.
Associate Professor of Physics and Mathematics
John Evarts, B.A.
Instructor in Music
Frederick Raymond Georgia, B. Chem., Ph.D.
Professor in Chemistry
Robert Myar Goldensen, M.A.
Instructor in Philosophy
James Gore King, JR., M.A.
Instructor in History
Hilda Margaret Loram, M.A.
Instructor in English and Dramatics
Frederick Rogers Mangold, M.A., Ph.D.
Instructor in Romance Languages
Joseph Walford Martin, B.A. (Oxon.)
Instructor in English
John Andrew Rice, B.A. (Oxon.)
Professor of Classics
Frank Howard Richardson, M.D., F.A.C.P.
William Robert Wunsch, M.A.
Instructor in English and Dramatics
Fall and Winter Terms 1934-1935
Alsberg, George New York, N.Y.
Applegate, John C. Toledo, Ohio
Bailey, David W. Cambridge, Mass.
Barber, George Swarthsmore, Penn.
Beaman, Mary Cornish, N.H.
Brown, Alan Amsterdam, N.Y.
Carter, Sydney Chestnut Hill, Mass.
Chapin, Anne Great Neck, L.I., N.Y.
Cramer, Doughten Moorestown, N.J.
Crane, Lucien Pittsburgh, P.A.
Dall, Annette Whitney Brookline, Mass.
Dwight, Margaret Summit, N.J.
French, Caroline Kendal Green, Mass.
French, Nathaniel S. Kendal Green, Mass.
Hall, Robert Moorestown, N.J.
Hoyt, Barbara Brentwood, L.I., N.Y.
Jenks, Edward N. Haverford, Penn.
Jenks, Robert D. Haverford, Penn.
Livermore, Francesca New York, N.Y.
Martin, Marcella E. Summit, N.J.
Orr, Robert Yonkers, N.Y.
Rice, Frank Black Mountain, N.C.
Russ, Nancy Lincoln, Mass.
Russell, William Foster St.Petersburg, Fla.
Seasongood, Janet Cincinnati, Ohio
Spaulding, Elizabeth Weston, Mass.
Swan, Alice Lee Oshkosh, Wis.
Sylvester, Sarah Jacksonville, Fla.
Tippett, Stanley Katonah, N.Y.
Weston, Norman Wilton, Conn.
Young, Mary Elizabeth, Sebring, Fla.
Black Mountain College came into existence in the fall of 1933 as the result of the interest of a group of teachers and students in the idea of a co-educational college which should be free from outside control and in which there was a candid recognition of the importance of participation in responsibility by students as well as by faculty.
When the College was incorporated its charter was drawn in such a fashion as to place direction of its affairs in professional hands. The faculty members exercise direct control over matters of educational policy and discipline, and ultimate control over other matters by electing members of the Board of Fellows for definite terms.
The Board of Fellows, all of whom are resident members of the College, makes appointments to the faculty and has control over the business affairs of the Corporation. The Board is presided over by a Rector chosen by the faculty from among the Fellows for a term of one year. A Secretary and a Treasurer are elected by the Board.
The students elect a committee of three officers for the governing of their own affairs. The cheif student officer is automatically nominated for election by the faculty to the Board of Fellows for the duration of his term. In addition, the other student officers meet weekly with the Board of Fellows to consider matters which affect both students and faculty members. No decisions affecting the students are made without consulting them or their representatives.
The benefits of outside opinion and contrasting points of view on college affairs are provided by an Advisory Council, composed of friends of the College competent to offer expert advice on special aspects of its work.
Black Mountain College is located in the mountains of North Carolina at an altitude of 2700 feet, near the town of Black Mountain and about eighteen miles east of Asheville. The property contains 1619 acres of land. Most of the land is wooded, but there is a farm of about thirty acres and a considerable number of buildings well adapted to the needs of the college.
The Black Mountains and the Craggy range directly north of the main building furnish one of the best and most interesting of the mountain views for which the region is well known. The great variation in altitude found within a short distance of Black Mountain provides conditions favorable to a great variety of plant and animal forms.
The town of Black Mountain is one of the main lines of the Southern Railway and is easily accessible by motor car and busses.
A library of about eight thousand volumes, meeting present needs in a fairly adequate manner, has been provided by pooling the private collections of the faculty, by donations from outside and by direct purchase. In addition the students have loaned books and a library of some four thousand volumes belonging to the Blue Ridge Association is at the disposal of the College.
Scientific apparatus and laboratory equipment are sufficient for the elementary work which has been called for up to the present. As the demand grows for more advanced courses in the sciences, laboratories will be expanded accordingly.
The College is a single social unit. Members of the teaching staff, their families and the students live in the same building, and have their meals together, sharing voluntarily in the serving of the food. Each student has a private study and, in general, shares a bedroom with another student. Bedroom furniture, two double blankets and bed linen are supplied and the bed linen is laundered by the College. Students are responsible for the care of their own rooms.
In addition to the doctor's certificate required of all applicants for admission, each entering student is given a systematic physical examination by the Consulting Physician. Although the Consulting Physician lives close at hand in the town of Black Mountain, there is no desire to limit students in their choice of a doctor. The neighboring city of Asheville is well supplied not only with modern hospital facilities but also with specialists in various fields of medicine.
At Black Mountain College there is not the same sharp cleavage that often exists between work and play. Singing, dramatics and the discussion of contemporary events are regarded not only in the light of recreation, but also as part of the serious educational business of the College, and a regular place is made for them in the schedule. Similarly, outdoor recreation is conceived as going beyond mere organized athletics to include various sorts of practical manual labor, such as woodchopping or farm work.
Nearly everyone gets out-of-doors for about two hours in the early afternoon. Several tennis courts, an athletic field and a well-equipped gymnasium, containing hand-ball and basket-ball courts, provide opportunities for organized sport. There are also a large out-of-door swimming pool and a small lake suitable for swimming and other water sports; while the mountainside contains many miles of trails for walking or horseback riding.
In addition, the College operates a small farm, whose purpose is not to provide professional agricultural training, but rather to give training in practical work for the few students interested in undertaking the responsibility of running it, and at the same time to offer healthy exercise to a great many others who may care to supply casual assistance. The cutting of wood for the fireplaces and the repair of the roads are other activities pursued as afternoon recreations.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ENTRANCE
It is assumed that in most cases the applicant will have satisfactorily completed a four-year course in a secondary school approved by a recognized accrediting agency or equivalent as shown by examination by a recognized college entrance examining board.
In the case of candidates who have neither had the usual four-year secondary school work, nor taken examinations set by a recognized college entrance examining board, there will be an examination set by Black Mountain College so gauged as to make sure that the candidate is not only adequately prepared to carry on the work of the college curriculum, but is also the kind of person who is likely to be benefited by being a member of the College. Black Mountain College is cooperating with the Progressive Education Association's Commission on the Relation of School and College in waiving the usual College Entrance Examinations and substituting the recommendations of the headmasters of the thirty experimental schools which have been chosen by the Association to participate in the new plan for entrance to college.
The College Requires
1. A statement on a form provided by the college from the school principal or some reputable person in whose hands the applicant's education has been, regarding:
a. the quality and quantity of scholastic work accomplished.
b. personal characteristics and interests as shown in the applicant's participation in extra-curricular and summer activities.
c. the results of scholastic aptitude tests, intelligence tests, and achievement tests wherever available.
2. A piece of work done by the applicant in the field of writing, such as an essay, a poem, a letter, or a story written by the applicant in his own handwriting. The applicant may also submit a specimen or a description of the work done in a field of special interest.
3. A personal interview, if possible, with a representative of the college.
4. A small photograph; and a certificate of physical examination made by a reputable physician.
Students may enter at any time.
Transfer students will be accepted at any time, but will be subjected to quite as careful investigation as students going to college for the first time. Like other new undergraduates, they will first enter the lower of the two sections into which the College is divided, passing from the Junior to the Senior Division as soon as they can demonstrate their qualifications for more advanced work.
The Junior Division, in which entering students are places, is intended as a period of exploration in the varied fields of knowledge offered by the College Curriculum. There are no required courses, but the adviser whom the student has chosen from the teaching staff helps him to decide what subjects to take, with a view to gaining some acquaintance with the fields of Science, Social Science, Literature and the Arts. There is no prescribed length of time for a student's stay in the Junior Division: whenever the students feels he has explored sufficiently to make an intelligent choice of a particular subject for specialization, he may apply for entrance to the Senior Division.
Admission to the Senior Division depends upon:
1. A detailed statement of accomplishment in the Junior Division.
2. The record of the student.
3. A comprehensive examination, consisting of two three-hour papers and an oral examination of indefinite length, based on the work of the Junior Division. In this the student is expected to show that he is sufficiently conversant with the four fields of Science, Social Science, Literature and the Arts to justify his subsequent specialization in a narrower subject.
4. A satisfactory plan of study for the Senior Division, drawn up in considerable detail by the student in conference with his adviser.
In the Senior Division, the student's work is of a more specialized character and is guided mainly by the plan he has himself drawn up, though he still has time free for courses not included in his plan. As in the Junior Division, his stay here depends upon his accomplishment and not upon any residence requirement. In general, however, the length of a student's whole college career approximates the usual four years.
Graduation depends upon:
1. The record of the student.
2. The satisfactory completion of the work outlined in the student's plan of study for the Senior Division, as shown by a rigorous comprehensive examination given by examiners from outside the College.
The requirements for this final comprehensive examination vary somewhat according to the field of study, but in general they call for seven three-hour papers with oral examinations following. In most cases, two of these papers deal with the student's subject in an extensive way, one paper with related fields of knowledge, and three papers with subdivisions of the student's subject which particularly interest him. The seventh paper is intended to concern itself with some special problem connected with the subject and may often be presented in thesis form.
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
The following is a list of courses regularly offered at present. It is to be expected that this list will gradually be increased, especially in the field of the sciences. In addition, special seminars or tutorial work are frequently arranged to meet individual needs.
Introductory Drawing, Advanced Drawing, Introductory Color, Advanced Color, Werklehre (the development of the feeling for material and space), Art Seminar, Weaving Theory, Weaving Practice
General Chemistry, Qualitative Analysis, Quantitative Analysis, Organic Chemistry.
Elementary Economics, Economic History, Evolution of Economic Theory, The Business Cycle, Socialism.
Chaucer and his Period, Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Drama, Spenser and other Sixteenth Century Non-dramatic Literature, Milton and the Puritan Revolution, Seventeenth Century Literature, Seminar in the Eighteenth Century, Nineteenth Century Poetry, Nineteenth Century Prose, English Drama from Sheridan to the Present Day.
Elementary Writing, Advanced Writing, the Modern Short Story, Dramatic Direction.
Introductory French, Advanced French, Survey of French Literature, Seminar in French Literature (dealing with an historical period, a literary genre, several writers or a single writer, according to the needs of the students).
Elementary Greek, Plato.
Greek History, Intellectual History, History of the Middle Ages, Modern European History, English History from the 1600, American History.
Virgil, Latin Lyric Poetry, Roman Comedy.
General Introduction to Linguistics.
Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry, Differential and Integral Calculus.
Music (through Beethoven), Music (since Beethoven), Opera, Piano
Logic and the Scientific Method, Ethics, Seminar on Plato, Seminar in Contemporary Trends, General Psychology.
Elementary Survey of Physics, General Physics, Elementary Optics, Electivity, Mechanics, Modern Physics.
Introductory Spanish, Advanced Spanish, Survey of Spanish Literature, Seminar in Spanish Philology, Seminar in Spanish Literature (dealing with an historical period, a literary genre, several writers or a single writer, according to the needs of the students), Cervantes.
Graphic records showing the quality and quantity of work done, and the application, aptitude and development of the student are kept instead of the more usual records in which results are recorded by numbers or letters. Except for purposes of transfer, credits will not be evaluated in terms of courses or credit hours, as it is desired to put the emphasis upon accomplishment over a longer period of time than is usually covered by these.
It is the intention of the College to admit, as far as possible, all students who give promise of being able to profit by being in the College. Those who can are required to pay the full cost of the education; in the case of others, gifts to the College will be used to make up the deficiency.
Inclusive fee for the year $1200.00
This is payable in two installments, during the first week of each semester. No other charges are made except:
Examination for graduation $25.00
Contingency deposit (refundable) $25.00
The matriculation fee is refundable if the applicant for admission is rejected by the College.
There is no provision for students' working their way through Black Mountain College, for to have some students servants to the rest is disruptive to community life. When aid is granted there is no discrimination bwtween its recipients and those paying the full fee.
In addition to extending student aid informally, as far as gifts to the College make possible, the College has officially offered Open Scholarships for the year 1935-1936. One of these is restricted to properly qualified residents of the State of North Carolina who have not yet been to college; the other is similar but open to the entire country. The value of both scholarships will range from $200 to $1200 according to the individual circumstances of the successful candidate.
For information concerning the College communications should be addressed to: The Secretary, Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina.
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